[O'Connor, Terry] Univ York, Dept Archaeol, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.;[Hofreiter, Michael; Paijmans, Johanna L A] Univ York, Dept Biol, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire, England.;[Yang, Xiujuan; Wei, Zhenyi] Museum Heilongjiang Prov, Haerbin 150001, Peoples R China.;[Bradley, Daniel G] Trinity Coll Dublin, Smurfit Inst Genet, Dublin 2, Ireland.;[Lei, Chuzhao] Northwest A&F Univ, Coll Anim Sci & Technol, Shaanxi Prov Key Lab Agr Mol Biol, Yangling 712100, Peoples R China.
[Hofreiter, M] Univ Potsdam, Inst Biochem & Biol, Karl Liebknecht St 24-25, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany.
The domestication of cattle is generally accepted to have taken place in two independent centres: around 10,500 years ago in the Near East, giving rise to modern taurine cattle, and two millennia later in southern Asia, giving rise to zebu cattle. Here we provide firmly dated morphological and genetic evidence for early Holocene management of taurine cattle in northeastern China. We describe conjoining mandibles from this region that show evidence of oral stereotypy, dated to the early Holocene by two independent (1)(4)C dates. Using Illumina high-throughput sequencing coupled with DNA hybridization capture, we characterize 15,406 bp of the mitogenome with on average 16.7-fold coverage. Phylogenetic analyses reveal a hitherto unknown mitochondrial haplogroup that falls outside the known taurine diversity. Our data suggest that the first attempts to manage cattle in northern China predate the introduction of domestic cattle that gave rise to the current stock by several thousand years.
Hudson, Adam M.;Olsen, John W.;Quade, Jay;Lei, Guoliang;Huth, Tyler E.;Zhang, Hucai
Quaternary Research (United States),2016年86(1):13-33 ISSN：0033-5894
[Hudson, Adam M.; Quade, Jay] Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson;[Hudson, Adam M.; Olsen, John W.; Quade, Jay] AZ;[Hudson, Adam M.; Olsen, John W.; Quade, Jay] 85721, United States;[Zhang, Hucai] College of Tourism and Geography, Yunnan Normal University, Kunming;[Zhang, Hucai] 650500, China
[Hudson, AM] Univ Arizona, Dept Geosci, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA.
[Ly, Mamadou Abdoulaye] Yunnan Normal Univ, Dept French, Kunming, Peoples R China.
[Ly, MA] Yunnan Normal Univ, Dept French, Kunming, Peoples R China.
Huysmans critical articles published in the press from the 19th century are divided into two categories. Some are either biographical fragments or intimate portraits. Thus articles on L,on Hennique appeared in Les Hommes d'aujourd'hui or on "Emile Zola and L'Assommoir" published in L'Artiste of Brussels are biographical sketches on these authors. Huysmans practices, in the study of these writers, a form of criticism which recalls the Sainte-Beuve method because the works are read in the light of the man. Other critical items directly interested in the works. On one side, Huysmans analyses components of the work space, character and style, the other make a reflection on the art of critic. In the articles dedicated to A mi-cte by Jacques Esquirol or Marcelle by Maurice du Seigneur, he studied the construction of novel or poem. In article subject to critical texts of Barbey d'Aurevilly and Emile Male, he redefines the art of literary criticism focusing on Impressionist reading of the work. Huysmans' critical approach recalls Charles Baudelaire's method which advocates a subjective critic made by writers and artists themselves. In his critical articles, Huysmans evolves a critical approach close to that of Sainte-Beuve to an approach similar to that of Charles Baudelaire and announces, before the Proust Contre Sainte-Beuve anti-biographic critical methods of the 20th century.